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TitleVirial Approximation of the TEOS-10 Equation for the Fugacity of Water in Humid Air
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsFeistel, R., Lovell-Smith J.W., and Hellmuth O.
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Date Published2014
ISSN0195928X (ISSN)
KeywordsEquation of state, Equations of state, Equations of state of gases, Fugacity, Gases, Humid air, Moist air, Partial pressure, Real gas, Thermodynamics, uncertainty, Virial coefficient, Water vapor
AbstractFugacity is considered the proper real-gas substitute for the partial pressure commonly used to describe ideal-gas mixtures. However, in several fields such as geophysics, meteorology, or air conditioning, partial pressure is still preferred over fugacity when non-equilibrium conditions of humid air are quantified. One reason may be that for ambient air, the deviations from ideal-gas behavior are small, another that explicit correlation equations for the fugacity of water vapor in humid air are scarce in the literature. This situation has improved with the publication of the new oceanographic standard TEOS-10, the International Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater 2010, which provides highly accurate values for the chemical potential and the fugacity of water vapor in humid air over wide ranges of pressure and temperature. This paper describes the way fugacity is obtained from the fundamental equations of TEOS-10, and it derives computationally more convenient virial approximations for the fugacity, consistent with TEOS-10. Analytically extracted from the TEOS-10 equation of state of humid air, equations for the 2nd and 3rd virial coefficients are reported and compared with correlations available from the literature. The virial fugacity equation is valid in the temperature range between (Formula presented.) and +200 (Formula presented.) at pressures up to 5 MPa, and between (Formula presented.) and +1000 (Formula presented.) at low pressures such as those encountered in the terrestrial atmosphere at higher altitudes. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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