Callaghan Innovation Research Papers

Back to Research Papers

TitleTwo synthetic routes to the formation of tungsten oxide hybrid compounds
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsChong, S.V., Ingham B., and Tallon J.L.
Conference NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Date Published2005
KeywordsAmines, Ammonia solution, Harmonic peaks, nitrogen, Nitrogen atmosphere, Precipitation (chemical), Sol-gel techniques, Sol-gels, Solutions, Synthesis (chemical), Tungsten compounds
AbstractThe syntheses of tungsten oxide-organic amine hybrids via homogenous and heterogeneous routes were explored and compared. In the former case, tungstic acid (H2 WO4) and an appropriate amine were dissolved in ammonia solution under nitrogen atmosphere, and the product was precipitated out via evaporation of the solvent. In heterogeneous synthesis, a non-aqueous approach was employed in which H2WO4 powder was aged in a solution consisting of the amine dissolved in an appropriate organic solvent. XRD and FTIR showed that the hybrid materials obtained from the two different methods are identical. Based on these findings, we were able to prepare tungsten oxide hybrid films for the first time, by dip-coating tungstic acid films prepared from sol-gel techniques, in a non-aqueous diamine solution. The XRD spectra of these films exhibit a series of harmonic peaks, indexed as [00k], which correspond to the Bragg peaks for the hybrid compounds. SEM shows the morphology of tungstic acid changes from the irregularly shaped platelets to a needle-like structure of the hybrids and resulted in a loosely packed coating. © 2005 Materials Research Society.

Back to top