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TitleA rapid method for the isolation of eicosapentaenoic acid-producing marine bacteria
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsRyan, J., Farr H., Visnovsky S., Vyssotski M., and Visnovsky G.
JournalJournal of Microbiological Methods
Volume82
Issue1
Pagination49 - 53
Date Published2010
ISSN01677012 (ISSN)
KeywordsAnimals, article, Bacteria, Bacteria (microorganisms), bacterial growth, Bacteriological Techniques, bacterium isolation, controlled study, Culture Media, Eicosapentaenoic Acid, fatty acid ester, fermentation technique, fish, Fishes, formazan, gas chromatography, icosapentaenoic acid, Intestines, liquid culture, liquid state fermentation, marine bacterium, mixed cell culture, Molecular Sequence Data, Negibacteria, new zealand, nonhuman, nucleotide sequence, priority journal, screening, Seawater, Shewanella, Shewanella fidelis, Shewanella gelidimarina, solid state fermentation, Stomach, Tetrazolium Salts, triphenylformazan, triphenyltetrazolium, unclassified drug
AbstractBacterial production of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) is a promising biotechnological approach for the mass production of these valuable compounds, but extensive screening is currently needed to select a strain that meets industrial requirements.A method was developed for the rapid screening and isolation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-producing marine bacteria from mixed cultures using the dye 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC). The method was first validated using two bacteria from the Shewanella genus, S. gelidimarina (known to contain EPA) and S. fidelis (known not to contain EPA), and subsequently applied to a range of bacterial samples collected from seven randomly selected New Zealand fish species.By incorporating TTC in both solid and liquid state fermentation treatments, a clear association between the reduction of TTC to the red-coloured triphenyl formazan (TF) and the presence of EPA within Gram-negative bacteria was confirmed. Incubation in 0.1% w/v TTC was optimal for colour response and cell growth in agar plates and liquid cultures. Bacteria that produce EPA reduced TTC to TF, but a number of non-EPA-producing bacteria also showed this capacity. By conducting a subsequent Gram staining, all EPA-producing strains were revealed to be G (-) rod bacteria while the non-producing ones were all G (+) cocci. The fatty acid methyl esters of the isolated bacteria that reduced TTC to TF were analysed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and the content of EPA was confirmed by gas chromatography.From a pool of 2.0×108CFU/ml, this method allowed the rapid isolation of 16 bacteria capable of producing EPA. This new approach significantly reduces the number of samples submitted for GC analysis and therefore the time, effort and cost of screening and isolating strains of EPA-producing marine bacteria. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
URLhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-77953545104&partnerID=40&md5=171243e0f12c84550e91c198803859ef
DOI10.1016/j.mimet.2010.04.001

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