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TitleMicrostructure development and properties of alumina-Ti aluminide interpenetrating composites
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsHan, C.Z., Brown I.W.M., and Zhang D.L.
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Pagination444 - 447
Date Published2006
ISSN15671739 (ISSN)
KeywordsAlumina-Ti aluminide, Aluminum compounds, Argon, COMPOSITE MATERIALS, Heat treatment, Hot pressing, Interpenetrating network, Mechanical alloying, Mechanical properties, Microstructure, Porosity, Pressureless sintering, Sintering, Vickers hardness
AbstractInterpenetrating phase Al2O3-Ti3Al composites have been fabricated by reaction sintering of 2 and 4-h discus milled composite powders containing Al and TiO2 using controlled heat-treatment in non-oxidizing atmospheres. Pressureless sintering and hot pressing of the powders has been carried out under vacuum and argon at temperatures between 1278 °C and 1500 °C and a heating rate of 5 °C/min. Densification of the composites was investigated as a function of temperature. It was shown that lower porosity was obtained by hot pressing compared to pressureless sintering. The microstructure development and mechanical properties of dense Al2O3-Ti3Al composites fabricated by hot pressing of Al-TiO2 powder blends were examined. Fully dense microstructures could be achieved by hot pressing at 1387 °C under vacuum. An increase of Vickers hardness was observed with increasing temperature, which can be attributed to the increase of density and the decrease in the level of porosity of the composites. The mechanical behaviour exhibited by the composites can be related to properties such as Al2O3 particle size and porosity level. Fracture toughness of 6.3 ± 0.8 MPa m1/2 and Vickers hardness of 13.6 ± 0.4 GPa were achieved for the fully dense composite produced by hot pressing discus milled powder. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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