Callaghan Innovation Research Papers

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TitleExtraction of Sage and Coriander Seed Using Near-Critical Carbon Dioxide
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsCatchpole, O.J., Grey J.B., and Smallfield B.M.
Series TitleACS Symposium Series
Number of Pages76 - 89
ISBN00976156 (ISSN)
AbstractExtraction of dried sage and coriander seed was carried out using near critical carbon dioxide to obtain oleoresin, non-volatile oil and essential oil extracts. Extractions were carried out in both a 4 litre and 75 litre extraction plant, to determine the effects of the particle size, carbon dioxide flow rate, bulk density and extraction temperature and pressure on the yield and extraction time. The rate of extraction of oleoresin from sage depended only on the particle diameter, and was limited by intra-particle diffusion. The rate of extraction of non-volatile oil from coriander seed was limited both by its solubility in carbon dioxide, and intra-particle diffusion. The results were satisfactorily correlated with a mathematical model. Scale-up calculations were performed to enable the economics of the extraction process to be evaluated.

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