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TitleExtraction of phenolics and essential oil from dried sage (Salvia officinalis) using ethanol-water mixtures
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsDurling, N.E., Catchpole O.J., Grey J.B., Webby R.F., Mitchell K.A., Foo L.Y., and Perry N.B.
JournalFood Chemistry
Pagination1417 - 1424
Date Published2007
ISSN03088146 (ISSN)
Keywordsalcohol, article, carnosic acid, essential oil, nonhuman, particle size, phenol derivative, rosmarinic acid, Salvia officinalis, Solvent extraction, Temperature, water
AbstractEffects of particle size, temperature, contact time, solvent-to-sage ratio and the ethanol-water ratio on the extraction of the active compounds rosmarinic acid, carnosic compounds and essential oil from dried sage (Salvia officinalis) were studied. Optimal extraction conditions giving highest yield of all three active compounds were particle diameter 1 mm, extraction temperature 40 °C, solvent-to-sage ratio of 6:1 and 55-75 wt% ethanol for up to 3 h. This gave an extract equivalent to 14.9% of dry sage, containing 6.9% rosmarinic acid (55% recovery), 10.6% carnosic compounds (75% recovery) and 7.3% essential oil (42% recovery). Scale up of the process by a factor of 100 demonstrated that the optimised laboratory scale process can be carried out without any loss of efficiency at an industrial scale. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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