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TitleComposition and distribution of fatty acids in triglycerides from goat infant formulas with milk fat
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsProsser, C.G., Svetashev V.I., Vyssotski M.V., and Lowry D.J.
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Pagination2857 - 2862
Date Published2010
ISSN00220302 (ISSN)
KeywordsAnimal, Animals, article, artificial milk, Brassica napus, Brassica napus var. napus, Capra hircus, cattle, chemistry, fat, Fats, fatty acid, Fatty Acids, goat, Goats, Helianthus, human, Humans, infant, Infant Formula, milk, triacylglycerol, Triglycerides
AbstractMost infant formulas use vegetable oils in place of milk fat to provide an overall fatty acid profile similar to that of breast milk. Vegetable oils have 5 to 20% saturated fatty acids in the sn-2 position of triglycerides unless they are modified by interesterification. Interesterification is increasingly used for the fat for infant formulas to raise the level of saturated fatty acids in the sn-2 position to 40 to 60%. The objective of this study was to verify an alternative approach to providing the appropriate fatty acid profile, including in the sn-2 position, for a goat infant formula. In this method, 55% of total fat was made from goat milk fat and 45% from a mixture of unmodified high oleic sunflower, canola, and sunflower oils in a ratio of 44:30:26. The fatty acid profile was measured by gas-liquid chromatography and the relative percentage of fatty acids in the sn-2 position of triglycerides was measured via partial deacylation with Grignard reagent using trimethylsilyl derivatives of monoacylglycerols. Mixing goat milk fat with vegetable oils produced a formula with a profile of essential fatty acids and a ratio of linoleic:α-linolenic fatty acids within the required interval of 5 to 15:1 recommended for infant formula. The proportion of palmitic acid in the sn-2 position was 31%. © 2010 American Dairy Science Association.

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