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TitleAnodically polarized nickel electrodes in DMSO or DMF solutions of pseudohalide ions: IR spectroelectrochemical studies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsAlwis, L.K.H.K., Mucalo M.R., and Ingham B.
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
PaginationH803 - H812
Date Published2013
ISSN00134651 (ISSN)
AbstractA novel subtractively normalized interfacial Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic (SNIFTIRS) investigation of anodically polarized nickel electrodes in pseudohalide-containing DMF or DMSO solutions (i.e. OCN-, SCN-, SeCN-), in supporting electrolyte, tetrabutylammonium perchlorate (TBAP), is presented. In general, the data showed that nickel demonstrated irreversible anodic dissolution in all solutions studied at very high values of the applied potential, > +500 mV (AgCl/Ag). The predominant speciation of nickel in these systems was as complex ions consisting of Ni2+ ion complexed to pseudohalide ions and solvent molecules. Insoluble films and dissolved CO2 were also detected, though mostly in theNi/OCN- systems studied.Ni(II)/pseudohalide complex ion species detected were modeled using solutions containing Ni 2+ ion mixed with pseudohalide ion in different mole ratios. In general, the Ni/OCN- electrochemical system behaved differently relative to those of Ni/SCN- and Ni/SeCN- due to the difference in colors observed in cell solutions after SNIFTIRS experiments which was mirrored in the model solutions. Ni(II)- cyanate species had a different, coordination geometry and gave a characteristic bright blue color due possibly to Ni(NCO)4 2- ion while Ni(II) thiocyanate and selenocyanate complex ion species had octahedral coordination geometries containing solvent and one coordinated pseudohalide ion and formed greeny yellow solutions. © 2013 The Electrochemical Society.

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